public member function
iterator lower_bound (const value_type& val) const;
iterator lower_bound (const value_type& val);const_iterator lower_bound (const value_type& val) const;
Return iterator to lower bound
Returns an iterator pointing to the first element in the container which is not considered to go before val (i.e., either it is equivalent or goes after).
The function uses its internal comparison object (key_comp) to determine this, returning an iterator to the first element for which key_comp(element,val) would return false.
If the set class is instantiated with the default comparison type (less), the function returns an iterator to the first element that is not less than val.
A similar member function, upper_bound, has the same behavior as lower_bound, except in the case that the set contains an element equivalent to val: In this case lower_bound returns an iterator pointing to that element, whereas upper_bound returns an iterator pointing to the next element.
- Value to compare.
Member type value_type is the type of the elements in the container, defined in set as an alias of its first template parameter (T).
An iterator to the the first element in the container which is not considered to go before val, or set::end if all elements are considered to go before val.
Member types iterator and const_iterator are bidirectional iterator types pointing to elements.
int main ()
for (int i=1; i<10; i++) myset.insert(i*10); // 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
itlow=myset.lower_bound (30); // ^
itup=myset.upper_bound (60); // ^
myset.erase(itlow,itup); // 10 20 70 80 90
std::cout << "myset contains:";
for (std::set<int>::iterator it=myset.begin(); it!=myset.end(); ++it)
std::cout << ' ' << *it;
std::cout << '\n';
Notice that lower_bound(30) returns an iterator to 30, whereas upper_bound(60) returns an iterator to 70.
myset contains: 10 20 70 80 90
Logarithmic in size.
The container is accessed (neither the const nor the non-const versions modify the container).
Concurrently accessing the elements of a set is safe.
Strong guarantee: if an exception is thrown, there are no changes in the container.
- Return iterator to upper bound (public member function)
- Get range of equal elements (public member function)
- Get iterator to element (public member function)
- Count elements with a specific value (public member function)