<mutex>

public member function
<mutex>

std::unique_lock::mutex

mutex_type* mutex() const noexcept;
Get mutex
Returns a pointer to the managed mutex object.

Note that the unique_lock does not release ownership of the managed mutex object: i.e., if it owns a lock on the mutex, it is still responsible for unlocking it at some point (such as when it is destroyed).

To retrieve and acquire ownership of the managed mutex object see unique_lock::release.

Parameters

none

Return value

A pointer to the mutex object managed by the unique_lock.

Example

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// unique_lock::mutex example
#include <iostream>       // std::cout
#include <thread>         // std::thread
#include <mutex>          // std::mutex, std::unique_lock, std::defer_lock

class MyMutex : public std::mutex {
  int _id;
public:
  MyMutex (int id) : _id(id) {}
  int id() {return _id;}
};

MyMutex mtx (101);

void print_ids (int id) {
  std::unique_lock<MyMutex> lck (mtx);
  std::cout << "thread #" << id << " locked mutex " << lck.mutex()->id() << '\n';
}

int main ()
{
  std::thread threads[10];
  // spawn 10 threads:
  for (int i=0; i<10; ++i)
    threads[i] = std::thread(print_ids,i+1);

  for (auto& th : threads) th.join();

  return 0;
}


Possible output (order of lines may vary, but they are never intermingled):

thread #2 locked mutex 101
thread #3 locked mutex 101
thread #1 locked mutex 101
thread #4 locked mutex 101
thread #5 locked mutex 101
thread #6 locked mutex 101
thread #7 locked mutex 101
thread #8 locked mutex 101
thread #9 locked mutex 101
thread #10 locked mutex 101

Data races

The unique_lock object is accessed.
Its managed mutex object is not accessed by the operation (although a pointer to it is returned).

Exception safety

No-throw guarantee: never throws exceptions.

See also