So, I think my problem is I got too much information available, and need something of a funneling point to start at. At the moment, I'm only interested in making games. Which would be the best environment to code those kinds of apps - Microsoft Visual Studio, or Visual Studio Code? Are they both just as capable, but simply have different methods of UI?
Personally I prefer Visual Studio [Year like 2019 or 2022] over Visual Studio Code. The integration of editor, compiler and debugger are better with VS IMO. And if you want to program games for Windows popular game engines and toolkits are available with Unreal, Unity, Cocos and DirectX support in Visual Studio as optional workloads and components.
The main drawback of Visual Studio: The size of VS installed can be large.